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There are roughly the same number of Evangelicals and Catholics in America. Let's see how many recent presidents have been Evangelical (Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter) and how many have been Catholic (John Kennedy).

(I would have thought that the fact that you are employed as a pastor would have hinted to your hypothetical acquaintance in your imaginary discussion that you might be devout in your religious beliefs.)


By the way, your dialogue struck me as strange for the following reason. Many Evangelicals of my acquaintance identify themselves not as "Evangelical" but as "Christian" (in a tone suggesting that Catholics, Mormons, and such are NOT.)

I regularly hear this even from people who really should know better (e.g., professors).



As I mention in my post, my hypothetical conversation is a take-off on a poem by Vanessa Hidary. She describes a situation in which she is just getting to know someone. Her religious and ethnic identity come out naturally in conversation. In response, so does the bigotry of her conversation partner.

As an evangelical, I have had conversations of this kind over and over again. For example, in casual conversation on university campuses.

The subject you raise, Catholics and evangelicals in politics, is a very interesting one, but off-topic as far I'm concerned. Or maybe not. There are two kinds of Catholic politicians after all: those like John Kerry, Joe Biden, and Nancy Pelosi, and those like Rick Santorum and Sam Brownback.

The latter are often labeled as "evangelicals" by the media, as in TIME's famous article, the 25 Most Influential Evangelicals. In that article, the late lamented Richard John Neuhaus is also among the top 25 evangelicals.

On this reading, an evangelical is any Christian who, from the point of view of liberalism as redefined since the 1960s, has gone over to the dark side.

For the rest, it is no longer typical of evangelicals to be anti-Catholic. A sea change is underway. That's why, among Episcopalians for example, the catholic and evangelical wings have begun to form a common front against the "Yes, we have no essentials" liberal wing.

That's why there are more and more catholic-minded Evangelicals and more and more evangelically-minded Catholics, including the late lamented Avery Cardinal Dulles.

That's why Navigators, a prominent parachurch organization with true-blue evangelical roots, now exists in a Catholic version.


Well, if one were to ask a normal person the difference between, on the one hand, Kerry, Biden, and Pelosi, and on the other hand, Santorum and Brownback, she would probably respond "one group is Democrats, the other group is Republican." So, your example seems to lack explanatory power other than explaining that we have both politically liberal and politically conservative Catholics in America.

You are, of course correct, that little "e" "evangelical" can be applied to Roman Catholics, just as it can be applied to Mormons, to Black Muslims, to members of the Communist Party, and to any other group that evangelizes; just as little "c" "catholic" has a different meaning than capital "C" "Catholic" and little "o" "orthodox" has a different meaning than capital "O" "Orthodox."

However, your claim that it is "no longer typical of [E]vangelicals to be anti-Catholic" lacks statistical support -- your examples are only anecdotal. (Indeed, an alternative explanation is that starting with Nixon era, political conservatives have minimized exploiting traditional anti-Catholic Evangelical sentiment in an effort to forge alliances between conservative Evangelicals and conservative Catholics -- this is explicitly discussed by Kevin Phillips in his statement of Nixon's 1969 strategy, The Emerging Republican Majority, and was a keystone of Karl Rove's strategy.)

Finally, I must add on a personal level that while I cherish capital "E" Evangelicals, I avoid little "e" "evangelicals", because I have no desire to be evangelized. Fortunately, few Evangelicals of my acquaintance are actually evangelical.


Of course, I meant to type 1968 (not 1969) above.

Alan Lenzi

You're all right, John. You're nothing like the other racist pigs I know. Nothing. :)

(Sorry, couldn't resist.)



I am surprised by your suggestion that the decline in anti-Catholicism among evangelicals lacks statistical support. Nonsense. The decline is part of a larger trend in which people of all religious persuasions in the US no longer see the tradition they adhere to as the only way someone might experience salvation, now or in eternity.

It is also part of a trend, which cannot be reduced to the political dimension, in which Catholics and evangelicals are learning from each other and cooperate with each other.

Surely you know that these trends have been documented in a thousand different ways.

You use the word "evangelical" in a way that has little to do with the way those who call themselves, for example, "evangelical Catholics," use the term. When Dulles called on fellow Catholics to be more evangelical, he had much more in mind than a willingness to share's one faith with others.

Your private definition of "evangelical" involves using it to characterize someone who proselytizes.

Proselytizing sometimes is an offensive activity. However, on most accounts proselytizing in a respectful sense is an indispensable part of what it means to be a Christian.

Proselytizing can take many forms. For example, the fact that I have traditional Jewish friends for whom Zechariah 14:16-21 retains its validity makes me think twice, even three times, about my faith stance as a Christian.

I am not offended by the fact that Christianity, on this view, is bound to be superseded. There are analogies to this understanding within Christianity.

Still, if you are my friend and I know you believe this, if you are my friend and I take you seriously as a believer, it might become, and perhaps should become, a topic of conversation which could in theory lead to my conversion to Judaism.

I realize that many Jews today, like Shammai of old - but not Hillel - feel called to discourage a non-Jew from converting to Judaism. But I see no strong basis for the politically correct stance of today's majority in the Tanakh or the Talmud.



Neither are you. Alan. Neither are you. I can't resist either.


In fact, it is not my definition. It's in the OED in the 1993 edition:

evangelical, a. and n.

Eager to share one's enthusiasm with others; hortatory, proselytizing.

1952 C. I. GLICKSMAN Amer. Lit. Crit. 1900-1950 49 The Marxist impulse in American literary criticism was chiefly hortatory and evangelical. 1978 P. LEWIS Fifties ii. 46 Togetherness and self-help in the birth now embraced with less evangelical fervour than it was by Fifties pioneer couples. 1990 Daily Tel. 21 Aug. 11/8 He juggles ink bottles to interrupt his ‘workaholism’, and admits to being evangelical about the art [of the cartoonist].

May I ask which English dictionary you use? I am sure an equivalent definition is in that work as well. (I do not regard it as authoritative, but I notice you sometimes cite Wikipedia -- as you may note, Wikipedia agrees with me.)

Of course, you are welcome to define words in any way that you wish, but it is far easier to use terms consistent with standard definitions. (Thus, I am confused by your inconsistent use of both capital "e" "Evangelical" above ["That's why there are more and more catholic-minded Evangelicals . . ."] and small "e" "evangelical" ["As an evangelical. . ."].)

Now, you appear to have changed your position from being "[it is] no longer typical of [E]vangelicals to be anti-Catholic" to "[there is a] decline in anti-Catholicism among evangelicals". The latter may be true, but anti-Catholic sentiment among Evangelical Protestants appears to be quite common to me. I notice this among the far-right darlings of the Evangelical movement, e.g. Wayne Grudem. As another example, I can cite any number of horribly biased and incorrect Protestant popular histories of the Reformation.

I would love to see actual statistical evidence that the "typical" Evangelical accepts the legitimacy of the Roman Catholic Church. I am unaware of any such statement accepting the legitimacy of Rome from popular Evangelical leaders such as Rick Warren, James Dobson, or J. I. Packer.

I don't know where your comment about Judaism comes from, but my understanding is that Jewish law discourages proselytization, and that this is clearly stated in the Talmud (for example, in the Talmudic minor tractate Gerim [e.g. at 1:3]).

You are undoubtedly right that the requirement to proselytize is inseparable from Christianity, but this could easily explain (without bigotry) your being shunned by some; in the same way that one may wish to avoid a long discussion with a Marxist recruiter, without personally bearing animus against individual North Koreans. (The poem that catches your eye discusses picking up casual partners in a bar, and I must admit that I lack personal experience in this practice.)

Finally, while it may be your personal view that Christianity will be superseded, I am unaware of this being a majority or even common view within Christianity.



The definition of "evangelical" I have been using is the primary one. You make use of a derived sense which, insofar as you use it to override the primary sense I began with, is reductive and crass.

We were talking about stereotypes and their use in denigrating others. You yourself seem to be in the mood to denigrate.

Evangelicals are a diverse lot, as are Catholics and Jews. That you choose to overlook this reflects on you, not on evangelicals.

There are plenty of evangelicals like J. I. Packer, Mark Noll, and Timothy George who participate in the "Evangelicals and Catholics Together" initiatives. There are others who don't but who, like Dan Wallace of Dallas Theological Seminary, have gone on record that Catholics can be Christians in the full sense no less than, say, Baptists, though neither are necessarily so.

Of course that doesn't mean that evangelicals accord the Catholic Church the same legitimacy they accord their own church institutions. Neither do Catholics. There is symmetry here which you leave unremarked.

More later.


I think a personal attack on me (e.g., calling me crass) does not strengthen your argument.

If you wish to discuss the original meaning of the word e.g., before the Common Era (as referenced in LSJ) as an epithet of Zeus as a giver of good tidings, then I would welcome how learning how Zeus was not prosletyzing.

Finally, I was not the one who raised the spectre of anti-Catholicism among Evangelicals. You brought the topic up after I noted that it seemed unlikely that Evangelicals suffered from bigotry because they have dominated US Presidents since 1986. While I can certainly understand the eagerness to claim "victimhood", it seems to me that Evangelicals, as a class, rank somewhere below left-handed people, those with bald spots, and those with poor fashion sense among those who can claim to be victims of discrimination in contemporary America. (It is clear that in many places and times outside the US today, there has been and continues to be unconsciousable persecution of Evangelicals, e.g., in China, Afghanistan, etc.).

My only stereotype above has been the reference to the "typical" Evangelical -- a word that I have been careful to put in quotes (since I was quoting your claims about the beliefs of a "typical Protestant.")

Naturally, since you claim victimhood for Evangelicals, you would claim "symmetric" oppression from the Catholic Church. This may in fact be the case in some places (e.g., parts of South America) but I have not seen substantial evidence of it the United States.

This is not to say that particular individuals may dislike Evangelicals for reasons valid or invalid. But you have yet to produce evidence of systematic discrimination.


It is always fun to argue with you, Theophrastrus.

Correct me if I'm wrong, but you have yet to put any real distance between yourself and the bigot Vanessa Hidary complains about.

For him, the only Jew he might not look down upon is a Jew who isn't one, on his definition. For you, the only evangelical Christian you might not look down upon is a self-hating one.

At least those who think like you in this world are legion. Countless people, including plenty of Jews, are fine with Jews so long as they don't wear black hats, are not committed Zionists, or what have you. Countless people are fine with Catholics so long as they distance themselves from official Catholic teaching on a number of controversial issues. Countless people are fine with evangelical Christians so long as they keep their faith to themselves - a contradiction in terms.

This is the world we live in. If you need to have the situation laid out for you by means of statistics, perhaps it would do you some good to get out more. Not necessarily a bar: just about any place where people shoot the breeze.


Correct me if I'm wrong, but you have yet to put any real distance between yourself and the bigot Vanessa Hidary complains about.

I'm not going to respond to that.

I think you need to make the case that American Evangelicals, as a class, have any special claims on victimhood -- more than any group of people (yes, people might say "you don't look like an accountant" or "you don't look like a bus driver" or "you don't look like a cuckold" or "you don't look like a diabetic" or "you don't look like an evolutionist" . . . and so on through the alphabet until we all are self-pitying, self-indulgent victims.)

Outside of this blog, it is taken as a truism that there continues to be a long streak of anti-intellectualism in popular Evangelicalism, ranging from

+ creation "science" to

+ Bible translations (for adults) written in fourth-grade English to

+ the insipid offerings of Christian television and radio to

+ the bottom of the barrel ratings of Evangelical education achievement to

+ the bigoted rejection of Mormon candidates for President to

+ the virulent hate literature Evangelicals produce in great quantity in forms both crude (e.g., Jack T. Chick) and sophisticated (e.g., Wayne Grudem).

Anti-intellectualism of American Evangelicals has been the award winning study the subject of extended discussions both by celebrated non-Evangelical authors* and your own Evangelical scholar-heroes**.

[Note: *this book won the Pulitzer. **this book was named the Book of the Year by Christianity Today.]

Furthermore, I do not think a desire to avoid being evangelized is a form of bigotry --

+ if I shut the door on the Watchtower-bearing Russellite who interrupts my sabbath rest or

+ if I pass up the free Scientology "personality test" or

+ if I call the police over to complain about the noise ordinance violations from the amplified street preacher who informs me that I am doomed to burn eternally

I do not think that my saying "Evagelicalism in America has a significant anti-intellectual element" needs to be discussed at the UN Durban conference (they are too busy explaining why Dutch cartoonists and Zionists are racists anyway.)

Now I understand that you feel differently, and perhaps you plan to quote more semi-literate poets to make your case. Who knows, maybe one day you can even invite "Vanessa" to that new museum in Washington DC, located adjacent to the Holocaust Museum: the Museum of Cold Snubs against Evangelical Preachers.



You responded in your own way to my suggestion that you have yet to come to grips with your "inner bigot" by referring to Vanessa Hidary in contemptuous terms.

We all find it difficult to balance criticism with respect. We all struggle with the temptation to engage in false generalizations.

You seem not to notice that you hold yourself to a lower standard on both scores than you do those around you.

Thank you for summing up your contempt for "Evangelicalism in America." I take this opportunity to disassociate myself from your vitriol.

Should you desire to move beyond your beloved stereotypes, I recommend that you take up reading one of CT's sister publications, Books & Culture: A Christian Review. Mark Noll is a cochair of the editorial board.


OK, let's see if I got this right:

(1) You are offended when people suggest that Evangelicalism is anti-intellectual, because you claim to be an intellectual.

(2) On the other hand, you give the Evangelical imprimatur to this bad poetry as this as "powerful" literature:

I say nothing cause I'm in a deep sleep,
A Snow White coma,
Destined to meet my prince five years later.
In the form of stone, in Jerusalem, named The Wailing Wall.
Our lips press -flesh to cool granite.


"OK, let's see if I got this right."

LOL. You have gotten very little right in this thread. Since you find my own statements of little use in your campaign of contempt, you invent new statements, attribute them to me, and, in a misguided attempt to cast further aspersions, succeed only in casting aspersions on yourself.

You are digging your own hole deeper and deeper. You are certainly welcome to dig deeper still. You are doing a bang-up job of illustrating why my initial post was appropriate.


Gotcha. I'm a racist pig while you never engage in stereotypes, as we can tell from your nuanced remarks about women and blacks, such as this gem:

White church experience tends to be sanitized. Black church experience isn't. . . . Getting a huge hug from a big black mamma smelling of lovely perfume is a treat not to be missed. You can't go to Jeremiah Wright's church without getting several unless you hide in the bathroom.

The unenlightened might think you that this brief passage managed to make at least eight different offensive stereotypes, but fortunately, you are not a racist pig. I am sure that all black women, such as Prof. Condoleeza Rice or Prof. Angela Davis just adore being called "big black mamma[s]."

Because, John, when you say that, I think you sound just like an Evangelical.


Nice try, Theophrastrus. Nice try.

The series of posts from which you quote was widely praised in the blogosphere and beyond.

Anyone who takes the time to read the posts will understand why your suggestion that the words you quote contain even a hint of condescension is merely a reflection of your frantic attempt to justify your habit, nicely illustrated in this thread, of demeaning those you hold in contempt.

By taking up the "I'm a racist pig, but so are you" line of argument, you only succeed in covering yourself with mud. I'm surprised that you continue to justify your famous penchant for demeaning those you have chosen as your opponents.


The series of posts from which you quote was widely praised in the blogosphere and beyond.

Oh, I see. I guess that makes you right.

Let's apply your logic. George Wallace (like you, a born-again Christian, by the way) was in fact elected by a majority. I guess that makes him right.

By the way, like you, he faced persecution (although his persecution did not come from an imaginary conversation after reading a bad poem, he was actually shot.)

Like you, he belonged to all the persecuted groups: white, male, Evangelical.

So you keep on teaching your congregation to call African-American women "big black mammas." Because that's what Jesus would do.



I could easily give logic a bad name by parroting its consistent misuse on your part. But I won't.

For the rest, you really need to get out more. You seem to be clueless when it comes to an expression like "big black mamma." It can also be used as a term of endearment, as in fact I use it in the post you link to.

I am surprised to find you making a fundamental blunder of interpretation of this kind. The sense of a phrase and its connotations are determined by context, but you ignore the context in question. You seem unable to pick up on cues within the larger discourse which would alert you to the contextual meaning of the phrase in question.

My guess at this point is that you ignore the context deliberately. Perhaps you thought you could get away with it because people generally do not take the time to fact check.

But I've called you on it. Anyone who reads this thread will have no difficulty figuring out what your modus operandi is. It seemed for a short time as if you had sworn off slash-and-burn polemics. I guess not.


No, I think your remarks fit into a certain stereotype of black women -- not as intellectuals or individuals but as sweet overweight women who wear plenty of perfume and love to give hugs. It's a stereotype at least as old Uncle Tom's Cabin.

(As to the context of your remarks, I think your characterization of the "black church" speaks for itself.)

And in the popular imagination, your stereotype about black women fits all too well into how non-Evangelicals view the racial beliefs of Evangelicals. You, know, you haven't actually said "some of my best friends are Jews", but I'm just waiting for the comment to come. So, in some ways you do fit stereotype of Evangelicals. (To be fair, in other ways you do not.)

My main point is not to mock Evangelicals (although really, when one watches Evangelical TV, it is almost impossible not to feel that urge); neither is it to deny there are many important Evangelical intellectuals (and yes, I think Mark Noll is one, and I find it telling that he had to move to a Catholic university because he could not find a serious research Evangelical university to hire him -- because the closest thing Evangelicals have to a research university in the US is Baylor).

My main point is that your claim of persecution is more than a bit overblown. Because, if you've ever received a credulous stare, it was no worse than what you dish out on your blog on a monthly basis with your broad characterizations of blacks, Jews, Catholics, Italians, and especially women.

And so my conclusion is -- it is small beer. And you wouldn't want to be a crybaby, because you know what they say about crying into your beer.


For my part, I am confident that my posts on Jeremiah Wright and Trinity UCC speak for themselves. How incapable you seem to be of capturing the sense of straightforward, colloquial prose. Your background in literature seems to work against you. You connect the dots in odd sorts of way. Perhaps, however, your blunders of interpretation are feigned.

Clearly, this thread has served as an excuse for you to display your "inner bigot." Your love of slander and smear tactics continues up to and including your last (and it will be your last) comment.

On a thread to a post dedicated to denouncing patronizing and besmirching attitudes common in the world today, you have done me a favor by exemplifying how that works in practice.

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    excellent blogging by Daniel Driver, Brevard Childs' scholar extraordinaire
  • old testament passion
    Great stuff from Anthony Loke, a Methodist pastor and Old Testament lecturer in the Seminari Theoloji, Malaysia
  • Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Blog
    A weblog created for a course on the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, by James Davila (archive)
  • On the Main Line
    Mississippi Fred MacDowell's musings on Hebraica and Judaica. With a name like that you can't go wrong.
  • p.ost an evangelical theology for the age to come
    seeking to retell the biblical story in the difficult transition from the centre to the margins following the collapse of Western Christendom, by Andrew Perriman, independent New Testament scholar, currently located in Dubai
  • PaleoJudaica
    by James Davila, professor of Early Jewish Studies at the University of St. Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland. Judaism and the Bible in the news; tidbits about ancient Judaism and its context
  • Pastoral Epistles
    by Rick Brannan and friends, a conceptually unique Bible blog
  • Pen and Parchment
    Michael Patton and company don't just think outside the box. They are tearing down its walls.
  • Pisteuomen
    by Michael Halcomb, pastor-scholar from the Bluegrass State
  • Pseudo-Polymath
    by Mark Olson, an Orthodox view on things
  • Purging my soul . . . one blog at a time
    great theoblog by Sam Nunnally
  • Qumranica
    weblog for a course on the Dead Sea Scrolls at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, taught by James R. Davila (archive)
  • Ralph the Sacred River
    by Edward Cook, a superb Aramaist
  • Random Bloggings
    by Calvin Park, M. Div. student at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton MA
  • Resident aliens
    reflections of one not at home in this world
  • Revelation is Real
    Strong-minded comment from Tony Siew, lecturer at Trinity Theological College, Singapore
  • Ricoblog
    by Rick Brannan, it's the baby pictures I like the most
  • Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth
    Nick Norelli's fabulous blog on Bible and theology
  • SansBlogue
    by Tim Bulkeley, lecturer in Old Testament, Carey Baptist College (New Zealand). His Hypertext Commentary on Amos is an interesting experiment
  • Ancient Near Eastern Languages
    texts and files to help people learn some ancient languages in self study, by Mike Heiser
  • Midrash, etc.
    A fine Hebrew-to-English blog on Midrash, by Carl Kinbar, Director of the New School for Jewish Studies and a facultm member at MJTI School of Jewish Studies.
  • Phil Lembo what I'm thinking
    a recovering lawyer, now in IT, with a passion for a faith worth living
  • Roses and Razorwire
    a top-notch Levantine archaeology blog, by Owen Chesnut, a doctoral student at Andrews University (MI)
  • Scripture & Theology
    a communal weblog dedicated to the intersection of biblical interpretation and the articulation of church doctrine, by Daniel Driver, Phil Sumpter, and others
  • Scripture Zealot
    by Jeff Contrast
  • Serving the Word
    incisive comment on the Hebrew Bible and related ancient matters, with special attention to problems of philology and linguistic anthropology, by Seth L. Sanders, Assistant Professor in the Religion Department of Trinity College, Hartford, CT
  • Singing in the Reign
    NT blog by Michael Barber (JP University) and Brad Pitre (Our Lady Holy Cross)
  • Stay Curious
    excellent comment on Hebrew Bible and Hebrew language topics, by Karyn Traphagen, graduate, Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia PA (archive)
  • Sufficiency
    A personal take on the faith delivered to the saints, by Bob MacDonald, whose parallel blog on the Psalms in Hebrew is a colorful and innovative experiment
  • The Sundry Times
    Gary Zimmerli's place, with comment on Bible translations and church renewal
  • Sunestauromai: living the crucified life
    by a scholar-pastor based in the Grand Canyon National Park
  • ta biblia
    blog dedicated to the New Testament and the history of Christian origins, by Giovanni Bazzana
  • Targuman
    by Christian Brady, targum specialist extraordinaire, and dean of Schreyer Honors College, Penn State University
  • Targuman
    on biblical and rabbinic literature, Christian theology, gadgetry, photography, and the odd comic, by Christian Brady, associate professor of ancient Hebrew and Jewish literature and dean of the Schreyer Honors College at Penn State
  • The Biblia Hebraica Blog
    a blog about Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, the history of the Ancient Near East and the classical world, Syro-Palestinian archaeology, early Judaism, early Christianity, New Testament interpretation, English Bible translations, biblical theology, religion and culture, philosophy, science fiction, and anything else relevant to the study of the Bible, by Douglas Magnum, PhD candidate, University of the Free State, South Africa
  • The Forbidden Gospels Blog
    by April DeConick, Professor of Biblical Studies, Rice University
  • The Naked Bible
    by Mike Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software
  • The Reformed Reader
    by Andrew Compton, Ph.D. student in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures (focus on Hebrew and Semitic Languages) at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
  • The Sacred Page
    a blog written by three Catholic Ph.D.s who are professors of Scripture and Theology: Michael Barber, Brant Pitre and John Bergsma
  • The Talmud Blog
    a group blog on Talmud News, Reviews, Culture, Currents, and Criticism
  • Theological German
    a site for reading and discussing theological German, by Mark Alter
  • theoutwardquest
    seeking spirituality as an outward, not an inward quest, by David Corder
  • This Lamp
    Incisive comment on Bible translations in the archives, by Rick Mansfield
  • Thoughts on Antiquity
    By Chris Weimer and friends, posts of interest on ancient Greek and Roman topics (archive). Chris is a graduate student at the City University of New York in Classics
  • Threads from Henry's Web
    Wide-ranging comment by Henry Neufeld, educator, publisher, and author
  • Tête-à-Tête-Tête
    smart commentary by "smijer," a Unitarian-Universalist
  • Undeception
    A great blog by Mike Douglas, a graduate student in biblical studies
  • What I Learned From Aristotle
    the Judaica posts are informative (archive)
  • Bouncing into Graceland
    a delightful blog on biblical and theological themes, by Esteban Vázquez (archive)
  • Weblog
    by Justin Anthony Knapp, a fearless Wikipedian (archive)
  • Writing in the Dust
    A collection of quotes by Wesley Hill, a doctoral student in New Testament studies at Durham University (UK), and a Christian who seeks the charism of chastity
  • גֵּר־וְתוֹשָׁב
    by David Miller, Associate Professor of New Testament and Early Judaism, Briercrest College & Seminary, Caronport, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • ואל-תמכר
    Buy truth and do not sell: wisdom, instruction, and understanding - a blog by Mitchell Powell, student of life at the intersection of Christ, Christianity, and Christendom
  • משלי אדם
    exploring wisdom literature, religion, and other academic pursuits, by Adam Couturier, M.A. in Old Testament/Hebrew Bible (graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary)

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  • Ancient Hebrew Poetry is a weblog of John F. Hobbins. Opinions expressed herein do not reflect those of his professional affiliations. Unless otherwise indicated, the contents of Ancient Hebrew Poetry, including all text, images, and other media, are original and licensed under a Creative Commons License.

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