Bible Reference Index

Diglot Editions

Dunash ben Labrat

Ali Ahmad Said

Verbal System of Ancient Hebrew

The Bible as seen through the eyes of . . .

« The Menace of Antinomianism | Main | Secular resurgence in Pakistan: more please! »


Feed You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.

Peter Kirk

John, I don't know if it is me you have in mind as claiming that Calvin held to OSAS. Quite frankly, I don't know and don't care - although I am surprised to see that this guy is quoting only from Calvin's commentaries and not from his work of systematic theology, the Institutes.

More to the point is whether the Bible confirms my position. And it does confirm my position, which is not in fact simple OSAS at all. I believe that those who deliberately turn away from the Christian faith lose their salvation, also that those whose initial confession of faith is merely with their mouth without a real acceptance of Jesus Christ as the Lord of their life are not saved. I do not believe that believers who simply disobey God's commandments while continuing to trust in Christ for salvation will not be saved; rather, these are the people who are called "least in the kingdom of heaven" (implying that they are in it) (Matthew 5:19) and will be saved "as one escaping through the flames" (1 Corinthians 3:15).


The way you were arguing on the other thread, Peter, led me to think that you held to OSAS. It sounds like you still suspect Calvin of so believing. As far as I know, and yes, I have read the Institutes, that is a misreading of Calvin.

It is sounder and more realistic to acknowledge, as I now see you do, that someone can "deliberately turn away" from the faith they once held dear, and thereby lose their salvation. For both Jews and Christians, the term apostate is applied to someone who, though once a believer, willfully chooses a life in flagrant violation of one or more of the major commandments. For example, a committed believer who becomes a hit man in an organized crime organization, or an idolater, or a sorcerer, is termed an apostate, and thereby forfeits his or her salvation.

So yes, it's possible to lose one's salvation if one chooses to flaunt a mitzvah of sufficient gravity with sufficient tenacity.

It is also true that those who struggle with sin and observe mitzvot very imperfectly, but cleave to the covenant with a sincere heart, do not fall into the apostate category.

Once again, we are back to where we started: the claim that observance of mitzvot, or violation of them, is irrelevant to salvation, must be carefully qualified.

It seems to me that you concur, but if I'm mistaken, let me know.

Andrew Compton

Just a quick clarification (on a Historical-Theological note), Calvin's institutes aren't technically a systematic theology, they don't touch on all the loci of the standard ST model . . . but that's beside the point (i.e., me being cranky!).

If by "lose one's salvation", one means apostatize from membership in the *visible* church, than Calvin would agree. This is due to the two-fold way of relating to the covenant of grace understood by Reformed theology. One can relate internally and salvifically (union with Christ, justification, etc.) or they can relate externally (baptized, but like Ishmael, not participating in the substance of the covenant). Calvin and the Reformed tradition understand that apostasy happens to those in the latter group. However since salvation is often conflated with justification, it doesn't seem to be a good descriptive move to say that Calvin taught one can lose their *salvation*.

Anyway, I'm not really weighing in on the exegetical argument here (even though I fall strongly within the Reformed confessional camp on this), I just wanted to clarify *how* Calvin understands covenant membership . . . this helps to understand to what he refers when he speaks of apostasy.

By the way, this post reminds me of the so-called "Lordship" controversy that went on in dispensational-evangelical circles a few years ago. A thoughtful critique of both sides of the debate comes from within the Reformed camp, edited by Michael S. Horton, entitled "Christ the Lord: The Reformation and Lordship Salvation" (Baker, 1992). Thought I'd throw the title out for everyone's perusal.

Thanks for the post, John.

Peter Kirk

No, John, we do not quite agree. On my understanding, someone who "becomes a hit man in an organized crime organization" while remaining a committed believer does not lose their salvation, any more than the murderer King David did. Of course they are displeasing God and need to repent. But it is a different matter if someone deliberately turns away from their faith, and this might include someone who accepted a different religion, whether idolatrous or not. To such people God says in effect, if you don't want me to save you, I won't.

I note that an apostate is defined not as one who "willfully chooses a life in flagrant violation of one or more of the major commandments", but, here, as "One who has abandoned one's religious faith, a political party, one's principles, or a cause." Don't you see the difference between breaking the rules and resigning from the club? The divine chair of this "club" does not expel members for breaking the rules (indeed it is one of the rules that there are no such expulsions), but he does accept resignations.


Peter, the kind of distinction you are making has no basis in scripture. Apparently you need to make it in order to keep your system afloat, but such was not the case for the authors of scripture, and later, within both Judaism and Christianity; in antiquity, so far as I know, no one subscribed to your system.

Traditional religions are known for their in/out lists, in particular, for lists like the one found in Revelation 21:8.

Rather than going to the dictionary to define a word like apostate, it's more helpful to take a closer look at scripture and tradition. I realize you distrust the latter, which is the root of many of your problems. Why you would think the dictionary provides more guidance on the meaning of the term apostate than the practice of church and synagogue is beyond me.

The list in Rev 21:8 includes "murderers." You would be wrong to suggest that Moses and David are covered by this term - and you don't. That would be a wooden, a-contextual construal of the language (by a-contextual, I include ignorance of how such lists were understood and put into practice in antique religions).

You would also be wrong to suggest that a professional hit-man is NOT covered by the term - and that seems to be what you are doing. That's exactly the kind of person a list like this targets. It has nothing to do with resigning from a club. When the Catholic Church recently and publicly excommunicated members of the Mafia in Sicily, it was precisely because the Mafia members were "breaking the rules," not because they had handed in their resignation. You are making a distinction where there is none.

Why is it that you do not care what someone like Calvin or Wesley thought on these issues (I mention them because you are a fellow evangelical)? Why is it that you ignore the witness of the church through the ages? You seem to be operating under the assumption that the gates of hell have prevailed against the church, that it is shrouded in darkness, and you, with Bible and dictionary in hand, are going to set things right.

I realize I may be caricaturing your position. Furthermore, you do better than most with nothing more than a Bible and dictionary in hand. But there are reasons why almost everyone who does theology works out of a particular tradition (Rambam, Thomas, Luther, Calvin, Wesley), and/or seeks to describe some overarching harmony between the traditions. Very good reasons, which you seem to be oblivious to.



thanks for your comments and clarifications. I am not happy with redefinitions of the term salvation such that members of the covenantal community do not partake of its benefits (and therefore cannot lose them) unless they also belong to that class of people referred to as "all who are written in the book," to use the language that shows up in Daniel 12:1. There is a sense in which everyone, through membership in the covenantal community, is saved. There is another sense in which, by the same token, no one is. It's important to use the language of salvation in both senses. If we don't, then we return to scripture and start distorting its language to fit our revised use of it.

Many passages in scripture, not to mention life as we experience it, become incomprehensible when the scope of the term "salvation" is limited to its purely eschatological sense.

However, even if one limits the sense of the term "salvation" to its eschatological sense, the system devised by second and third generation Calvinists quickly runs amok. This seems to be the case: if someone denies the possibility that a name in that "book" can be "blotted out," they set themselves against the clear teaching of scripture.

Does that mean that someone's tidy little system might need to be revised? Yes, and it wouldn't be the first time.

James Pate

I glanced at those Calvin quotes, and I'm slightly confused. He seemed to say that a real believer can apostasize. But that's not how I've always understood the P of TULIP. I always thought P meant that a true believer will persevere, and one reason you know that a true believer is a true believer is that he or she does persevere. But maybe Calvin felt that those warning passages were God's means of making sure the believer persevered.

Peter Kirk

John, you are right that I don't have a high opinion of tradition. But you are wrong that I am operating outside any tradition. My position is a clearly held one in some strands of modern Protestantism, and is more or less Conditional Preservation of the Saints as described by Wikipedia. It has clear roots in Luther's insistence on salvation by grace alone, and in the OSAS position you mock but which is at least a long tradition. It also seems to have been the position of many Arminians including Wesley - although I am perhaps closer to the "classic Arminian" than the "Wesleyan Arminian" version as described by Wikipedia. Note the final sentence of the Wikipedia article: "In the Arminian system, belief is the condition for entrance into the Kingdom of God, and unbelief – not a lack of good works – is the condition for exit" - although I would replace "unbelief" by "renunciation of belief" in this, it takes more than an attack of doubt to lead to loss of salvation.

As for the word "apostate", I maintain that it always has been used for people who explicitly renounce their faith. It is not used of those who simply fall into sin while not denying their faith. People in the latter category may be excommunicated, because visible churches do NOT work like the kingdom of God "club" in my previous example, but that is the church rejecting them rather than vice versa. Apostates may also be formally excommunicated, but that is usually an irrelevance because they have already abandoned the communion. I would be interested in any citation you can give me of the word "apostate" being used of anyone who continues to adhere to orthodox religion and acknowledge the religious authorities, whatever their evil deeds might be.



historians often point out that second and third generation Calvinists systematized Calvin's thought in ways that on occasion betray Calvin's own nuances. This would appear to be a parade example.


Well, Peter, I'm very glad to see you situating yourself somewhere within a particular tradition, though I don't happen to agree with the choice you have made. Still, I appreciate your willingness to judge any tradition by its faithfulness to scripture. Potentially, that will you protect from error within that tradition (and every tradition, if not outright error, contains blind-spots and unhealthy obsessions).

Now it turns out I didn't misread you when I connected your position to OSAS. Thanks for the clarification.

You continue to impose an idiosyncratic definition on the word 'apostate.' The Mafia members I referred to, which the Church excommunicated because it judged them to be apostate - apostate not just as a matter of private opinion but in function of the power of the keys (on earth . . . in heaven), wanted to continue to remain members in good standing within the Church, with rights, for example, to a Christian burial. They had not renounced their faith.

Rather, they broke its rules, which is the same thing as renunciation given the gravity of the transgression.

You continue to try to make a distinction where none can be made.

Finally, on sensitive issues like this one, it's fine to start with a Wikipedia article, but then you must move on to primary sources, and if possible cite them.

If you are currently enamored with a straight-up Lutheran position (nota bene: per what I've said about Calvin, Luther on his part, and to his credit, was not a consistent Lutheran), then I urge you to read Wesley's pamphlet I link to in the preceding post.

I continue to be blindsided, Peter, by your apparent search for some kind of system in which you can fit all of scripture. This is unusual in someone who loves scripture as much as you do.

Peter Kirk

John, I am not trying to search for a system. I am trying to protect a central doctrine of the Christian faith in the same way as Paul did in Galatians, from those like you who are distorting it.

That central doctrine is that salvation is entirely by grace and not dependent on human works. That much is usually agreed by Calvinists as well as Lutherans. But you, although you claim to be a Calvinist, have abandoned the Calvinist position by teaching that people can lose their salvation by sinning. Of course I also differ from the Calvinist position, but I don't claim to be a Calvinist.

You keep trying to insist that your position is traditional orthodoxy, but the facts of formal theological statements (if not of popular piety which has always tended to Pelagianism) are against you.



If you go over to Ben Witherington's blog, you will notice that in a comment he also states that a believer renounces his faith by choosing willful sin of sufficient gravity.

I know which doctrine you are trying to protect. It's one I treasure. But the method you choose, that of riding roughshod over scripture that doesn't fit into your too one-sided formulation of that doctrine, is not one I approve of.

As far as I can see, it's not just scripture you bend to fit within the confines of your logic; you do
the same with Luther and Calvin. Neither the Bible nor Luther nor Calvin are as consistent as you want them to be. Their take on things fits the complexity of life as we experience it better than your less elastic approach. For obvious reasons, the elasticity of Luther and Calvin's theology is more evident in their exegesis than in their systematic theology. In exegesis, they have to bend their formulations to the text - if only they did that all the time! I'm a scripture scholar, so you will have to excuse me if I poke fun at the Procrustean beds of the systematicians.

Peter, I wish to thank you for defending your position with poise and verve. It's always a pleasure to debate with you.

Peter Kirk

John, it is indeed a pleasure to debate with you. I certainly want to avoid Procrustean beds, not least because I would probably get my feet chopped off. But I think our respective positions are now clear and so we can move on from this particular debate.

The comments to this entry are closed.

My Photo

Google Blogrolls

a community of bloggers

  • Abnormal Interests
    Intrepid forays into realia and texts of the Ancient Near East, by Duane Smith
  • After Existentialism, Light
    A thoughtful theology blog by Kevin Davis, an M. Div. student at University of North Carolina-Charlotte
  • AKMA's Random Thoughts
    by A. K. M. Adam, Lecturer in New Testament at the University of Glasgow
  • alternate readings
    C. Stirling Bartholomew's place
  • Ancient Hebrew Grammar
    informed comment by Robert Holmstedt, Associate Professor, Ancient Hebrew and Northwest Semitic Languages, Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, University of Toronto, and John Cook, Associate Professor of Old Testament, Asbury Theological Seminary (Wilmore KY)
  • Antiquitopia
    one of the best blogs out there, by Jared Calaway, assistant professor in the Department of Religion at Illinois Wesleyan University.
  • Anumma - Hebrew Bible and Higher Education
    by G. Brooke Lester, Assistant Professor in Hebrew Bible, and Director for Emerging Pedagogies, at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary (Evanston IL)
  • Awilum
    Insightful commentary on the Bible and the Ancient Near East, by Charles Halton
  • AWOL - The Ancient World Online
    notice and comment on open access material relating to the ancient world, by Charles Jones of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University
  • Balshanut
    top-notch Biblical Hebrew and Semitics blog by Peter Bekins, Ph. D. student, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati OH, faculty member, Wright State University (archive)
  • Believing is Knowing
    Comments on things like prophecy, predestination, and reward and punishment from an orthodox Jewish perspective, by David Guttmann
  • Ben Byerly's Blog
    thoughts on the Bible, Africa, Kenya, aid, and social justice, by Ben Byerly, a PhD candidate at Africa International University (AIU), in Nairobi, Kenya working on “The Hopes of Israel and the Ends of Acts” (Luke’s narrative defense of Paul to Diaspora Judeans in Acts 16-20)
  • Berit Olam
    by a thoughtful Matt Morgan, Berkeley CA resident, grad student in Old Testament at Regent University, Vancouver BC (archive)
  • Better Bibles Blog
    Discussion of translation problems and review of English Bible translations by Wayne Leman, Iver Larsen, Mike Sangrey, and others
  • Bibbia Blog
    A Bible blog in Italian and English by former students of the PIB and PUG
  • Bible Background research and commentary
    by Craig Keener, professor of New Testament, Asbury Theological Seminary
  • Bible Design & Binding
    J. Mark Bertrand's place
  • BiblePlaces Blog
    a spotlight on the historical geography of the Holy Land, by Todd Bolen, formerly, Assistant Professor at the Israel Bible Extension campus of The Master's College, Santa Clarita CA
  • Biblicalia
    The riches of orthodoxy brought online by Kevin Edgecomb, a seminarian at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology (Brookline MA)
  • Biblische Ausbildung
    by Stephen L. Cook, professor of Old Testament / Hebrew Bible at Virginia Theological Seminary
  • C. Orthodoxy
    Christian, Contemporary, Conscientious… or Just Confused, by Ken Brown, a very thoughtful blog (archive). Ken is currently a Dr. Theol. student at Georg-August-Universität in Göttingen, part of The Sofja-Kovalevskaja Research Group studying early Jewish Monotheism. His dissertation will focus on the presentation of God in Job.
  • Catholic Bibles
    a thoughtful blog about Bible translations by Timothy, who has a degree in sacred theology from the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas in Rome (Angelicum) and teaches theology in a Catholic high school in Michigan
  • Chrisendom
    irreverent blog with a focus on the New Testament, by Chris Tilling, New Testament Tutor for St Mellitus College and St Paul's Theological Centre, London
  • Claude Mariottini
    a perspective on the Old Testament and current events by a professor of Old Testament at Northern Baptist Theological Seminary, Chicagoland, Illinois
  • Codex: Biblical Studies Blogspot
    by Tyler Williams, a scholar of the Hebrew Bible and cognate literature, now Assistant Professor of Theology at The King's University College in Edmonton, Alberta (archive)
  • Colours of Scripture
    reflections on theology, philosophy, and literature, by Benjamin Smith, afflicted with scriptural synaesthesia, and located in London, England
  • Complegalitarian
    A team blog that discusses right ways and wrong ways Scripture might help in the social construction of gender (old archive only; more recent archive, unfortunately, no longer publicly available)
  • Connected Christianity
    a place to explore what it might be like if Christians finally got the head, heart, and hands of their faith re-connected (archive)
  • Conversational Theology
    Smart and delightful comment by Ros Clarke, a Ph.D. student at the University of the Highlands and Islands, at the (virtual) Highland Theological College (archive)
  • Daily Hebrew
    For students of biblical Hebrew and the ancient Near East, by Chip Hardy, a doctoral student at the University of Chicago
  • Daniel O. McClellan
    a fine blog by the same, who is pursuing a master of arts degree in biblical studies at Trinity Western University just outside of Vancouver, BC.
  • Davar Akher
    Looking for alternative explanations: comments on things Jewish and beyond, by Simon Holloway, a PhD student in Classical Hebrew and Biblical Studies at The University of Sydney, Australia
  • Deinde
    News and Discussion by Danny Zacharias
  • Discipulus scripturae
    Nathan Stitt's place
  • Dr. Claude Mariottini
    balanced comment by a professor of Old Testament at Northern Baptist Seminary, Lombard IL
  • Dr. Platypus
    insightful comment by Darrell Pursiful, editor at Smyth & Helwys Publishing, on the New Testament faculty of Mercer University
  • Dust
    A diary of Bob MacDonald's journey through the Psalms and other holy places in the Hebrew Bible
  • Eclexia
    The heart and mind of this Bible and theology blogger sing in unison
  • Eat, Drink, and be Merry
    The journey of a grad student with a love for ancient languages at Gordon Conwell Theological Seminary (archive)
  • Elizaphanian
    Rev Sam tussles with God, and limps away
  • Emerging from Babel
    Stephen investigates the potential of narrative and rhetorical criticism as a tool for expounding scripture
  • Evangelical Textual Criticism
    A group blog on NT and OT text-critical matters
  • Evedyahu
    excellent comment by Cristian Rata, Lecturer in Old Testament of Torch Trinity Graduate School of Theology, Seoul, Korea
  • Exegetica Digita
    discussion of Logos high-end syntax and discourse tools – running searches, providing the downloads (search files) and talking about what can be done and why it might matter for exegesis, by Mike Heiser
  • Exegetisk Teologi
    careful exegetical comment by Stefan Green (in Swedish)
  • Exploring Our Matrix
    Insightful reflections by James McGrath, ass't. professor of religion, Butler University
  • Faith Matters
    Mark Alter's place
  • Ferrell's Travel Blog
    comments of biblical studies, archaeology, history, and photography by a tour guide of Bible lands and professor emeritus of the Biblical Studies department at Florida College, Temple Terrace (FL)
  • Fors Clavigera
    James K. A. Smith, professor of philosophy at Calvin College, thinks out loud.
  • Friar's Fires
    an insightful blog by a pastor with a background in journalism, one of three he pens
  • Gentle Wisdom
    A fearless take on issues roiling Christendom today, by Peter Kirk, a Bible translator
  • Giluy Milta B‘alma
    by Ezra Chwat and Avraham David of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Jewish National and Hebrew University Library, Jerusalem
  • He is Sufficient
    insightful comment on Bible translations, eschatology, and more, by Elshaddai Edwards
  • Higgaion
    by Chris Heard, Professor of Religion, Pepperdine University
  • Idle Musings of a Bookseller
    by James Spinti of Eisenbrauns
  • if i were a bell, i'd ring
    Tim Ricchiuiti’s place
  • Imaginary Grace
    Smooth, witty commentary by Angela Erisman (archive). Angela Erisman is a member of the theology faculty at Xavier University
  • James' Thoughts and Musings
    by James Pate, a doctoral student at HUC-JIR Cincinnati
  • Jewish Philosophy Place
    by Zachary (Zak) Braiterman, who teaches modern Jewish thought and philosophy in the Department of Religion at Syracuse University
  • kata ta biblia
    by Patrick George McCollough, M. Div. student, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena CA
  • Ketuvim
    Learned reflection from the keyboard of Jim Getz
  • Kilbabo
    Ben Johnson’s insightful blog
  • Kruse Kronicle - contemplating the intersection of work, the global economy, and Christian mission
    top quality content brought to readers by Michael W. Kruse
  • Larry Hurtado's blog
    emeritus professor of New Testament Language, Literature & Theology, University of Edinburgh
  • Law, Prophets, and Writings
    thoughtful blogging by William R. (Rusty) Osborne, Assistant Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies as College of the Ozarks and managing editor for Journal for the Evangelical Study of the Old Testament
  • Lingamish
    delightful fare by David Ker, Bible translator, who also lingalilngas.
  • Looney Fundamentalist
    a scientist who loves off-putting labels
  • Menachem Mendel
    A feisty blog on rabbinic literature and other Judaica by Michael Pitkowsky, Rabbinics Curriculum Coordinator at the Academy for Jewish Religion and adjunct instructor at Jewish Theological Seminary (New York)
  • mu-pàd-da
    scholarly blog by C. Jay Crisostomo, grad student in ANE studies at ?
  • Narrative and Ontology
    Astoundingly thoughtful comment from Phil Sumpter, a Ph.D. student in Bible, resident in Bonn, Germany
  • New Epistles
    by Kevin Sam, M. Div. student at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Saskatoon SK
  • NT Weblog
    Mark Goodacre's blog, professor of New Testament, Duke University
  • Observatório Bíblico
    wide-ranging blog by Airton José da Silva, Professor de Bíblia Hebraica/Antigo Testamento na Faculdade de Teologia do CEARP de Ribeirão Preto, Brasile (in Portuguese)
  • Observatório Bíblico
    Blog sobre estudos acadêmicos da Bíblia, para Airton José da Silva, Professor de Bíblia Hebraica / Antigo Testamento na Faculdade de Teologia do CEARP de Ribeirão Preto, SP.
  • Occasional Publications
    excellent blogging by Daniel Driver, Brevard Childs' scholar extraordinaire
  • old testament passion
    Great stuff from Anthony Loke, a Methodist pastor and Old Testament lecturer in the Seminari Theoloji, Malaysia
  • Old Testament Pseudepigrapha Blog
    A weblog created for a course on the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, by James Davila (archive)
  • On the Main Line
    Mississippi Fred MacDowell's musings on Hebraica and Judaica. With a name like that you can't go wrong.
  • p.ost an evangelical theology for the age to come
    seeking to retell the biblical story in the difficult transition from the centre to the margins following the collapse of Western Christendom, by Andrew Perriman, independent New Testament scholar, currently located in Dubai
  • PaleoJudaica
    by James Davila, professor of Early Jewish Studies at the University of St. Andrews, St Andrews, Scotland. Judaism and the Bible in the news; tidbits about ancient Judaism and its context
  • Pastoral Epistles
    by Rick Brannan and friends, a conceptually unique Bible blog
  • Pen and Parchment
    Michael Patton and company don't just think outside the box. They are tearing down its walls.
  • Pisteuomen
    by Michael Halcomb, pastor-scholar from the Bluegrass State
  • Pseudo-Polymath
    by Mark Olson, an Orthodox view on things
  • Purging my soul . . . one blog at a time
    great theoblog by Sam Nunnally
  • Qumranica
    weblog for a course on the Dead Sea Scrolls at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, taught by James R. Davila (archive)
  • Ralph the Sacred River
    by Edward Cook, a superb Aramaist
  • Random Bloggings
    by Calvin Park, M. Div. student at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton MA
  • Resident aliens
    reflections of one not at home in this world
  • Revelation is Real
    Strong-minded comment from Tony Siew, lecturer at Trinity Theological College, Singapore
  • Ricoblog
    by Rick Brannan, it's the baby pictures I like the most
  • Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth
    Nick Norelli's fabulous blog on Bible and theology
  • SansBlogue
    by Tim Bulkeley, lecturer in Old Testament, Carey Baptist College (New Zealand). His Hypertext Commentary on Amos is an interesting experiment
  • Ancient Near Eastern Languages
    texts and files to help people learn some ancient languages in self study, by Mike Heiser
  • Midrash, etc.
    A fine Hebrew-to-English blog on Midrash, by Carl Kinbar, Director of the New School for Jewish Studies and a facultm member at MJTI School of Jewish Studies.
  • Phil Lembo what I'm thinking
    a recovering lawyer, now in IT, with a passion for a faith worth living
  • Roses and Razorwire
    a top-notch Levantine archaeology blog, by Owen Chesnut, a doctoral student at Andrews University (MI)
  • Scripture & Theology
    a communal weblog dedicated to the intersection of biblical interpretation and the articulation of church doctrine, by Daniel Driver, Phil Sumpter, and others
  • Scripture Zealot
    by Jeff Contrast
  • Serving the Word
    incisive comment on the Hebrew Bible and related ancient matters, with special attention to problems of philology and linguistic anthropology, by Seth L. Sanders, Assistant Professor in the Religion Department of Trinity College, Hartford, CT
  • Singing in the Reign
    NT blog by Michael Barber (JP University) and Brad Pitre (Our Lady Holy Cross)
  • Stay Curious
    excellent comment on Hebrew Bible and Hebrew language topics, by Karyn Traphagen, graduate, Westminster Theological Seminary, Philadelphia PA (archive)
  • Sufficiency
    A personal take on the faith delivered to the saints, by Bob MacDonald, whose parallel blog on the Psalms in Hebrew is a colorful and innovative experiment
  • The Sundry Times
    Gary Zimmerli's place, with comment on Bible translations and church renewal
  • Sunestauromai: living the crucified life
    by a scholar-pastor based in the Grand Canyon National Park
  • ta biblia
    blog dedicated to the New Testament and the history of Christian origins, by Giovanni Bazzana
  • Targuman
    by Christian Brady, targum specialist extraordinaire, and dean of Schreyer Honors College, Penn State University
  • Targuman
    on biblical and rabbinic literature, Christian theology, gadgetry, photography, and the odd comic, by Christian Brady, associate professor of ancient Hebrew and Jewish literature and dean of the Schreyer Honors College at Penn State
  • The Biblia Hebraica Blog
    a blog about Hebrew Bible/Old Testament, the history of the Ancient Near East and the classical world, Syro-Palestinian archaeology, early Judaism, early Christianity, New Testament interpretation, English Bible translations, biblical theology, religion and culture, philosophy, science fiction, and anything else relevant to the study of the Bible, by Douglas Magnum, PhD candidate, University of the Free State, South Africa
  • The Forbidden Gospels Blog
    by April DeConick, Professor of Biblical Studies, Rice University
  • The Naked Bible
    by Mike Heiser, academic editor at Logos Bible Software
  • The Reformed Reader
    by Andrew Compton, Ph.D. student in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures (focus on Hebrew and Semitic Languages) at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
  • The Sacred Page
    a blog written by three Catholic Ph.D.s who are professors of Scripture and Theology: Michael Barber, Brant Pitre and John Bergsma
  • The Talmud Blog
    a group blog on Talmud News, Reviews, Culture, Currents, and Criticism
  • Theological German
    a site for reading and discussing theological German, by Mark Alter
  • theoutwardquest
    seeking spirituality as an outward, not an inward quest, by David Corder
  • This Lamp
    Incisive comment on Bible translations in the archives, by Rick Mansfield
  • Thoughts on Antiquity
    By Chris Weimer and friends, posts of interest on ancient Greek and Roman topics (archive). Chris is a graduate student at the City University of New York in Classics
  • Threads from Henry's Web
    Wide-ranging comment by Henry Neufeld, educator, publisher, and author
  • Tête-à-Tête-Tête
    smart commentary by "smijer," a Unitarian-Universalist
  • Undeception
    A great blog by Mike Douglas, a graduate student in biblical studies
  • What I Learned From Aristotle
    the Judaica posts are informative (archive)
  • Bouncing into Graceland
    a delightful blog on biblical and theological themes, by Esteban Vázquez (archive)
  • Weblog
    by Justin Anthony Knapp, a fearless Wikipedian (archive)
  • Writing in the Dust
    A collection of quotes by Wesley Hill, a doctoral student in New Testament studies at Durham University (UK), and a Christian who seeks the charism of chastity
  • גֵּר־וְתוֹשָׁב
    by David Miller, Associate Professor of New Testament and Early Judaism, Briercrest College & Seminary, Caronport, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • ואל-תמכר
    Buy truth and do not sell: wisdom, instruction, and understanding - a blog by Mitchell Powell, student of life at the intersection of Christ, Christianity, and Christendom
  • משלי אדם
    exploring wisdom literature, religion, and other academic pursuits, by Adam Couturier, M.A. in Old Testament/Hebrew Bible (graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary)

Viewing Documents

  • Adobe Acrobat Reader
    To view the documents on this blog you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader. If you do not have this, download it from the link above.
Blog powered by Typepad



  • Ancient Hebrew Poetry is a weblog of John F. Hobbins. Opinions expressed herein do not reflect those of his professional affiliations. Unless otherwise indicated, the contents of Ancient Hebrew Poetry, including all text, images, and other media, are original and licensed under a Creative Commons License.

    Creative Commons License

    Copyright © 2005 by John F Hobbins.