The amount of top-notch research now being done in the field of biblical archaeology, most of it published in modern Hebrew, is unprecedented. Three authors whose research, methodology, and conclusions are must-reading are Avraham Faust, Israel Finkelstein, and Amihai Mazar. They differ in detail, but they agree on a point of fundamental importance: the need to stake out a middle ground between maximalism and minimalism. Maximalists and minimalists alike raise a ruckus, attract camp followers, and otherwise make a spectacle. It is usually people who are neither who are engaged in groundbreaking primary research.